Triumpian times a nightmare in the making for India

March 12, 2017

In the run up to Donald Trump getting elected as President, one ethnic community/nation that was conspicuously sanguine about the prospect was Indians/India.   The rationale was that India doesn’t depend so heavily on foreign trade as China and has not taken away so many manufacturing jobs from USA.  So Trump’s war will be with China, not India.  A group of US-based Indians even formed a Hindu coalition in his support.  Oh, wait, there was also the hope that Trump would be less pro-Pak than previous US presidents.

As has been the case before, the above showed both a neglect for data, for facts as also a lack of understanding of geo political realities.  When one power decides to take on another, it has to size up how many friends it will have by its side in the fight.  So what happens if USA takes on China?   The EU may turn against USA, for one.  China is EU’s second largest trading partner. behind USA.  USA accounts for 17.5% of EU’s total international trade and China for 14.8%, so the gap is narrow.  Where’s India?  Only 9th, behind Japan, South Korea,  Russia etc.   Heck, even USA’s good friend UK may not go along with an all out trade war on China.  USA Inc may not be comfortable if Trump declares (trade) war on China.   A war on China could plunge USA into majestic isolation and accelerate the transition to the hegemon in waiting, namely, China.

But India?  It’s a very different scenario.  India has a relatively low volume of trade with USA with a disproportionately high surplus.  This is at least partly on account of high import duties (within WTO rules) to push foreign corporations to set up shop in India to at least assemble stuff here.  India is also a major operator in outsourced services, evidenced by the fact that its share of worldwide exports of services is twice that of its share of merchandise exports.  With its growing population and relative proficiency in English (compared to China or other East Asian tigers), India presents a greater threat to service jobs in USA.

So here’s what Trump CAN do (and he dropped a hint with his reference to Harley Davidson): either launch an assault on India’s high import duties and make India curtail outsourcing in exchange for maintaining these barriers to merchandise trade.  OR strike outsourcing and push India to drop import duties in return for continuing to provide services at the expense of American employees.

MY guess (and I could be wrong) is he is more likely to do the latter.  After all, where will service sector jobs in say IT or accounting return to?  Places like NYC, San Francisco or Seattle which are in states that roundly rejected Trump and will likely do so again in 2020.  But if Trump can get countries (including India) to lower trade barriers and simultaneously compel American companies to make in USA, the Rust Belt, which swung in his favour last year, will be delighted. Basically, easy reaping of political capital for Trump with relatively low risk.  It will be a terrible waste of Modi’s zillion cries of Make in India but he would probably also prefer to keep high paying service sector jobs in exchange for putting India’s manufacturing sector under greater stress.  He might also reason that USA does not have products tailored for the high volume segments in India.  Whether this will be the case remains to be seen.

Be that as it may, it behooves the GoI to think seriously about what Trump could do to India (rather than for India as Indians allowed themselves/ourselves to believe) and act decisively to protect our position.  The Budget, made in the knowledge that USA could deliver the bazooka of a sharp cut in corporate tax, did not seem to acknowledge this reality and indicated a preference for business-as-usual.  But going beyond economics, India also urgently needs to mend fences with China, its 800 pound gorilla of a neighbour, and Russia, once its good friend and now aligning with Pakistan, a nation that helped topple the Soviet Union.  Failing that, a bear hug with Trump and roll out the red carpet for the Trump Organisation (you know what I mean).

But something needs to be done and something needs to change, that much is for sure.  It is understandable that the ruling party would presently be punch drunk with the stupendous results in the UP elections.  But if Ramraj is not to end up becoming a laughable and sad parody for social media memes, then India must formulate a pragmatic and realistic strategy to handle the gigantic disruptions that may be coming our way in the Trump era.

PS:  Why do I think Trump won’t risk majestic isolation in taking on China?  Because he is a populist and badly needs the love and affection of his core constituency.  India’s prospects, on the other hand, were better under Bush Jr and Obama, who tried to make India a counterweight. Yes, Trump loves Hindus, because we are as easily flattered and more easily deceived.


Mohd Rafi – a thank you note

December 24, 2016

Mohammed Rafi (generally abbreviated to Mohd) was born on Christmas Eve!  Pretty apt for a man about whom the worst that was said was that he did not back Lata Mangeshkar in demanding royalty from composers.  It is his birth anniversary today, but Times of India decided it is not worth remembering him.  So, I decided, I will.

Ironically, in my childhood (which wasn’t that long back…not yet!), Times played a significant role in introducing me to the living and long dead cultural icons of India, simply by making it a point to remember them on their birthday, whether it was Rafi saab or Kishoreda or Shammi Kapoor or Dev Anand (who were still alive at the time).  Not many among my schoolmates really cared about these tributes but I did. I was the ridiculous kid who stood up and proclaimed that old is gold (not sure that I’d still say THAT!).

Rafi mattered a heck of a lot to me.  He was the first singer who made an impression on me.  Enough of an impression to want to learn his name.  Perhaps, it was just me growing up because not too long after this ‘discovery’, I would spend afternoons wearing out an Asha-OP Nayyar tape and earning rebukes from mum.  But I do still remember the exact song which made me, then ten years old, a fan:  Jo Unki Tamanna Hai Barbaad Ho Ja/Toh Ae Dil Mohabbat Ki Kismat Bana De.

Not quite one of his oft-repeated classics, is it?  But that’s the thing about Rafi, which I didn’t know at the time.  Rafi is a gift that keeps giving.  There are so many songs stored away in that vault of timeless melody that you can never quite say that you’ve heard it all.  In the spirit of sharing, here’s another melody I had heard at the time:  Dono Ne Kiya Tha Pyar Magar.

Yes, a word or several more about the composers who came up with lovely melodies and tasteful arrangements for Rafi to sing over.  But he was verily the sone pe suhaga and added something extra to nice enough songs to make them unforgettable. And not once or twice, but hundreds, maybe thousands of times in his career.

As I grew, Rafi remained a constant in the playlist of my life.  Contrast that with Celine Dion whose show I had watched on TV in school with a lot of excitement and simply couldn’t care to return to anymore. That’s not a knock on Celine Dion, just saying that for me, Rafi was not a one time fad to grow out of; rather, the songs he sang came to occupy a special place in my heart.

My appreciation of his work only grew with time, as I got introduced to more of his songs and to more artists, including from the Western hemisphere lately.  When I realised that after hearing so many amazing singers from the world of rock and pop, I really hadn’t heard too many, if any, tones as silken as Rafi’s, it really put his achievements in perspective for me.

When I was 15 or so, we bought a 4 cassette compilation of Rafi songs, which is how I got introduced to the light-as-a-feather Jag Dil-e-Deewana or Aise to na dekho.  We bought it at the stylish Planet M store at the Times of India building near CST (Mumbai). We played it to our hearts’ content (my father is a huge fan of Rafi, needless to say, and introduced me to his songs in the first place) before giving them away to an aunt.

Or did we?  Can’t recall anymore.  We don’t listen to music on cassettes anymore.  And the swanky store I mentioned above is long gone too.  Much water has flown under the Vashi bridge since then. A lot has changed, including a burgeoning retro-culture in Mumbai.

Yes, Mumbai has not one but maybe three (don’t know if more have sprung up) radio stations featuring exclusively retro playlists.  And these are apparently the most successful stations; at least 92.7 is anyway. At a Rafi-Mukesh shradhanjali programme I attended a few months back where amateur/semi-professional singers presented their songs, somebody even took on Tu Ganga Ki Mauj and commanded the rapt attention of the audience where only a few years back, the mere selection of the song (forget about the quality of the singing) would have produced disinterested, restless fidgeting.

And now, yours truly, the old is gold guy,is the one trying to tell older generation people to just give a Rahat Fateh Ali Khan or a Shafqat Amanat Ali Khan a chance because they are damn good singers too.  Maybe I am just a compulsive contrarian, always ending up on a path that diverges from contemporary culture.

However it may be, one thing is for sure.  I am not going to stop listening to Rafi.  Have already knocked down a few of his gems for the day and surely will listen to a few more by the time it’s Christmas.  There are times when I am not sure if there is a God but Rafi reaffirms my faith in Him. Thank you, Rafi, for the music and thank you God for creating Rafi.

From best to worst for RBI?

December 21, 2016

When the Reserve Bank of India announced on Monday that there would be restrictions on deposits in excess of Rs.5000, I thought of composing an irate post on this blog, criticizing the rampant ad hoc-ism.  I did not get the time to and fortunately so, because the RBI has since done a U turn, saying the restrictions will not apply in the case of KYC compliant bank accounts.  Phew!

This latest flip flop has earned it the dubious title of Reverse Bank of India.  It’s a tragedy because the RBI has long been respected as one of the best institutions of the country. And under former RBI governor Raghuram Rajan, its stature rose further with investors like Jim Rogers and Marc Faber hailing him as perhaps the best central banker in the world.  

Indeed, it is as if Raghuram Rajan had provided the anchor that this government sorely misses now.  His trenchant criticism which stung their thin skinned selves in fact provided a solid counterweight that forced the government to eschew short cuts and take hard decisions.  Forex reserves swelled, the rupee held relatively steady and the current account deficit shrunk.  It has been argued that the last aspect wasn’t necessarily a positive for a country at India’s stage of economic development.  But in an environment of declining global trade and anti-globalisation sentiment, it was worth settling for. 

The situation is so different only three months since his exit that it is almost surreal to behold.  From the beginning of the demonetization drive, the RBI has fielded strong criticism of its perceived rubber-stamping of the govt’s decision.  Current governor Urjit Patel stoutly defended the decision during the press conference held after the December policy review but he may have to field tougher questions from a Parliamentary Panel on the 22nd of this month. 

It may have been possible to sympathize with his – and indeed the RBI at large – plight in having to go with the government decision.  While criticism for not upholding the independence of the RBI is valid, Rajan was also a singular incumbent, capable of withstanding persistent pressure from multiple flanks…and paid the price via a most ugly and unbecoming smear campaign to rush him to the exit door.

But the latest U Turn is a different matter altogether.  Surely, if the RBI did see that there was no need to cross question those depositing old notes into KYC compliant notes, they could have taken this position while issuing Monday’s circular.  Is it not too elementary to have even required a rollback under public pressure?  

Even if one presumes that there is somebody pushing buttons on a remote control to make the RBI do his/her bidding,  there’s got to be pushback against elementary blunders if at least one soul in the RBI has a semblance of  a spine.  If such pushback is not viable, it would be advisable for the key personnel of the RBI to step down with honour (or at least whatever remains of it) so the public may come to know what is happening.  

But every day that there is no pushback or no thought, as applicable, is a day that results in yet another ad hoc decision that makes the RBI, North Block, GOI et al a laughing stock and an all too easy target for cartoonists. The mocking, unfortunately, will not be restricted to the Indian media.  Thanks in part to our rapid economic growth and in part to our vociferous breast-beating brand of jingoism, what goes on in India attracts international attention and you can be sure that newspapers and magazines that normally do not pay much attention to developments in India nevertheless won’t miss the opportunity to deride the administrative failure that we are currently witnessing.    

Perhaps, the ruling dispensation is prepared to brazen it out and turn a deaf ear to criticism so as to pursue its agenda through to the end.  But it should bear in mind that the cost of destroying confidence in an institution like the RBI will not be trivial. It could mean dwindling foreign portfolio investment (already under the pump thanks to the Trump rally) and a dimming outlook in the eyes of credit rating agencies.  

Under Raghuram Rajan, a much awaited rating upgrade wasn’t out of reach.  Now the best we can hope for may be to avert a downgrade!  As they say, eternal vigilance is the price of liberty.  India has paid a heavy price for under-appreciating the importance of institutions in a democratic government. 

Shreya Ghoshal concert: An evening of melody and soul

December 20, 2016

‘Tis wedding season in India and this has been a particularly busy one for moi.  So amid attending weddings, overeating and falling sick, I simply did not get time to review a concert of Shreya Ghoshal I attended last month.  It was at the well known Shanmukhananda Hall (Mumbai) that once hosted Shankar Jaikishen’s concerts too. Ghoshal said this was her first concert at the venue.  When she wound down (or should I say, up) with Mere Dholna, most of us in the hall were hoping it wouldn’t be the last.

Speaking of hopes, while travelling to the venue, I wondered if the demo fracas would dent attendance at the show.  Any such ‘hopes’ were dashed by the familiar sight of traffic gridlock near the hall (I was fortunately walking it down from good ol’ GTB station).  It was a sold out show (would later learn it had been sold out for weeks) and patrons waited eagerly with enthusiasm.  I watched with not a little curiosity.

I wasn’t too sure what to expect from the show.  I did figure it couldn’t possibly be too bad but, mostly, I was curious to hear for myself what playback singers sound like live.  In the case of Ghoshal, the answer is pretty simple: way better.

Ghoshal’s voice sounds much thinner on studio recordings than it does live. The recordings also don’t capture very much of the dynamism of her voice.  Dynamism in this sense isn’t quite what the word might lead you to expect:  rather than explosiveness, I mean that she has a way of producing her voice in waves, soft ebbs followed by a powerful (but not overpowering) surge, all delivered effortlessly with nary a note out of place. These ebbs and surges (rather than a constant volume) keep the listener on tenterhooks, eagerly anticipating what the next note will bring.  Somehow, the studio recordings simply don’t seem to capture this quality at all.

Ghoshal is also adept at using the advantages of the live setting over recordings – both singing wise and ‘performance’ wise, to borrow Indian Idol terminology.  Performance wise, she is on the move almost all the time, making eye contact with left, center and right columns of the audience (no, not ideologies).  Unlike many playback singers, especially of the older generation, she does not refer to the lyrics on a notebook or tablet for most of the songs.  This already liberates her to express herself in ways that the older singers were constrained to because they needed to consult a notebook to make sure they didn’t mess up the lyrics.  And boy does she express herself!  At the millionth or so variation, I stopped keeping count.  And yet, all these variations on the recordings are conceived and executed very tastefully; it doesn’t feel like she’s showing off.

But the high point of the concert, at least for me, was her rendition of R D Burman’s Kya Janu Sajan (originally sung by Lata Mangeshkar).  She was able to capture that haunting quality which the song has and convey the sensation of the voice coming from some distant, even lost place.  It is amazing that she was able to do this in a live performance without overtly appearing to do anything different to achieve this effect.  In this performance (though not only this one), technique and soul were in perfect harmony (it is very difficult to sing the stretch from sau diye/jab liya tera naam cleanly without a break in the middle and she did it twice).

This and her many other outstanding performances of the day also brought home to me why hearing a singer in their prime is something else.  I have heard Bruce Dickinson and Klaus Meine give damn good shows, also Shankar Mahadevan with Shakti.  But – and this is even though I would take Shakti/Iron Maiden/Scorps over Tujhme Rab Dikta Hai any day – their singing did not quite blow me away the way Ghoshal did.  It felt like I had found in my backyard what I had searched for far and wide (had the same feeling when, a few years back, I went on a Ilayaraja binge after a gap).

So…my point is even if you just sort of like her but enjoy attending music concerts, please do not give it a miss if you get the chance.  Because (a) she is outstanding and (b) it may not be quite the same thing if you finally make up for it years later. Now, but for the fatwa issued by a certain political party in Mumbai, I would express my wish to hear a well known singer (who shall not be named) in concert….Bas itna sa khwab hai.

Why Manmohan Singh was right on demonetization

December 18, 2016

Former Prime Minister, Finance Minister and RBI Governor Manmohan Singh spoke out strongly against demonetization in the Rajya Sabha on November 24, characterising it as an organised loot and legalised plunder of the common people.  The sharp use of adjectives to describe his position stood out as uncharacteristic of his usually mild mannered approach.  More surprisingly, there was a lack of a substantial rebuttal from the government or the ruling party with the exception of questioning what right did the man who preside over the scams of UPA have to talk about loot and plunder.  Nobody questioned why such words were used in the first place.

In light of a seemingly innocuous clarification given by Revenue Secretary Hasmukh Adhia in a press conference on Dec 16, though, the description assumes significance. Adhia clarified that under the Income Tax Act, 1961, deposits made by political parties are exempt as long as their donations are properly accounted for.  When this led to an outcry by the media and the public at large, Finance Minister Arun Jaitley stepped in to put on his best appearance of indignation and ‘clarify’ that the government was taking a tough stand against political parties as well (while only reiterating the law as it stands).

Let us then examine the law and how it works in practice because there is a huge gulf between theory and practice:

  1. Political parties are of course allowed to accept donations.
  2. Donations in cash are allowed.  No amount is specified for the same except that all donations (cash or bank) above Rs.20000, name and address of the donor is to be provided to the EC.
  3. The problem is, it is ridiculously easy to make multiple donations of below 20000 each and not have to report them at all and thus escape tax.
  4. Tax, how?  Well, a person holding black money in (old) 500 and 1000 rupee notes (which have ceased to be legal tender) can simply make a donation to a political party in multiple installments, each below 20000 to escape being taxed on the black money.
  5. But wait, hasn’t the FM said that it is illegal for a party to accept donations in old notes post demonetization?  Right, but you can always backdate the receipt (if any)!  Has been done by lesser mortals than politicians so why wouldn’t a political party be able to get away with it?
  6. Is there a law that says that all receipts must be issued by an automated computerised system that does not allow manually editing the date?  Afraid not!
  7. If this was so, why did the government still go through with demonetization?

Now we are talking!  You see, it stretches credibility to say that the government did not consider such a massive loophole in the chain while rolling out demonetization (with its attendant costs). I mean, if they are really so incompetent, they need to tender their resignations forthwith and publicly own responsibility for such a Himalayan blunder.

But what if they knew?  Once you open your mind to such a possibility, you get a different view.  Remember the tall promise made by the govt to eliminate black money? Something considered impossible by conventional wisdom.  Well, the govt has done exactly that and how!  They have afforded to all black  money operators an opportunity to convert all black money held in cash to white with no questions asked.  The price for that, of course, is ‘donating’ the money to political parties.  But that is perhaps a small price to pay for those who would be overcome by gratitude to the govt for their benevolence.

While the Indian tax administration has hitherto been spectacularly unsuccessful in recovering their rightful claims of tax from black money operators, they have at least had a claim to the same by law.  Black money operators needed to exercise due care whenever they needed to convert black money to white to avoid getting caught.  Not anymore.  Here at last is a one time window to whitewash your sins with not a finger being waved at you.  In 67 years nobody has thought of such a beautiful scheme.  No need to disclose income either, just donate.  Ah, if you won’t donate, that’s too bad.  After all, with several state elections lined up, political parties could do with the extra cash which, and this is the best part, will be totally legal.

Perhaps I am too cynical.  Perhaps I have got it wrong.  Perhaps a man as learned as Manmohan Singh got it wrong too.  But in that case, it is up to the government to offer some substantial rebuttal instead of unleashing trolls who label people as cangi or whatever bullshit to obfuscate the issue. There has thus far been a paucity of clarity from the government, all excused of course under the garb of confidentiality.  But in this instance, the nation really does need to know how exactly does government plan to bring colluding politicians and businesses to book?  That is, if the horse hasn’t already bolted and there’s a good chance that it has.

In the grand tradition of conservative/ Tory parties, the BJP too has arranged for a brutal redistribution of wealth from the poor to the rich.  Only, they have succeeded, thus far, in convincing the people that they are in fact playing Robinhood and doing the exact opposite.  Their UK and US counterparts must be watching their genius with astonishment and not a little envy.

An interview with Mr P

December 4, 2016

Yipee do! I did it!  I interviewed a celebrity.  A seasoned veteran in his field, highly regarded and trusted for his capability and integrity.

I am talking about the security guard of the apartment complex I live in.  15 years back, when we moved into the suburb of Mumbai that we still live in, he was the security guard of this same complex (or society as we call it in Mumbai).  Now, I have taken up a house as a tenant in this society for the time being and he is still the faithful and reliable gatekeeper to paradise. Believe me, we have gone through maybe 15 security guards (or not quite) in 10 years at my parents’s place also in the same suburb.  So this is no ordinary watchman that I speak of.

So..I came back today evening from a small errand and greeted him.  We exchanged pleasantries and he got talking about, what else, demonetisation.  It was an interesting conversation which gave me an insight into the way the working classes look at this decision (in contradistinction to the middle and upper class view of it).  It is not for me to judge if he is right or wrong and I also confess that I do not have the means to thoroughly fact-check him.  But I am sharing his insights in the form of an interview where I play the part of intrepid and unprepared journalist who fields one blow after another as a very different view of things is presented to him. Let’s call him P, the Protector.

A note before I start.  The following is written to stimulate a conversation, not a diss-cuss-ion. So I’d highly appreciate if all of us can step out of our preferred echo chambers and consider the views (not mine) being presented with an open mind.  That out of the way, ready, steady, po!

P:  Sir, what is Modiji’s latest?

Me: I don’t know, you tell me.

P: (Laughs)

Me:  We have to spend our time either standing in the queue for cash or watching the TV set to track his latest surgical strike.  (shakes head)

P:  (Amused, but silent)

Me:  I wonder what people in the villages must be doing to get cash.  It must be so difficult, standing in never ending queues.

P:  Who told you that!

Me:  Pardon, you mean there are no queues in the villages?

P:  Sure there are.  Who told you that we never had to stand in queues before?

Me:  Oh!

P:  Once two years ago I went to the bank branch in my village to withdraw cash.  We stood in the queue all day and had to return empty handed.  Standing in queue for cash, for rations, we are all used to it. It’s nothing new.  We’ll have to wait 3-4 days to get cash, big deal!

Me:  So I guess it’s more of an inconvenience for people who live in the cities and are used to easily obtaining cash.

P:  So let me tell you one more thing that you may not know.  There was no cash in the ATMs in UP for 15 days. 15 days.  But nobody rioted.  Nobody protested.  Politicians tried their best to provoke the people but everybody knows what’s happening.  When Modi is going to transfer money to our bank accounts, why should we do something silly at the instigation of opposition parties?

Me:  So you mean it’s people like Mayawati and Mulayalam Singh who are affected.

P:  Absolutely. I was paid to go to the village and stage protests so I know what I am talking about.  They did not bite the bait. Why should we trust Mayawati who loots people in the name of poverty upliftment when Modi is trying to do something for us?

Me:  So what do you think will happen in the UP elections?

P:  Sir, it will be a landslide for BJP.  They are going to win very easily.

Me:  By the by, won’t the rabi crop be affected by this step?

P:  Again, that is just propaganda by those who don’t support this step.  Farmers don’t leave it to the last minute.  Everything is planned.  Why would they wait until 8th November to withdraw cash?

Me:  But what about the old notes?

P:  Sir, I am telling you, they would have already bought whatever they need.  In villages we can’t keep huge amounts of cash at home.  We don’t have security guards like in the cities.

Me:  Ouch!

P:   (Decides to move on as interviewer is speechless) Daily wage workers… know, they get paid in cash everyday.

Me:  Right! (Says duh within)

P:  And then when they come home, the wife wants to spend on this and that, they purchase liquor and in no time the money is gone.  In this way, we remain in poverty. Sir, after so many years of living in Mumbai, what do I have?  Nothing!  Everything has been spent. Whatever I send to the village is spent.

Me:  But if you put it in a bank account, you may not spend everything.

P:  Exactly!  They will ask you to maintain a minimum balance.  So if you get ten thousand, you will keep at least thousand in the bank.  In this way, you save money and get paid interest and the government also benefits.  And once the savings habit is inculcated, they will keep putting more and more money in the bank.

Me:  One thing is for sure.  Nobody anywhere has attempted something like this.  Thanks so much for joining us but I am afraid we are completely out of time.

P:  My pleasure.

P.S:  The tone of the actual conversation, laced with lilting UP Hindi and with myself deferring to Mr.P’s age and experience, was very different.  So don’t take it too literally.  Also stuff I omitted, like when I told him about how the big fish will transfer everything to offshore accounts and can bear losses on their limited cash hoards.  Didn’t seem to shake his faith though, not one bit.  Will Modi keep his  very tall promise to his loyal voters, though, is the question.

The Serena greatest sportsperson bandwagon and why they need to be countered

September 10, 2016

There is a growing chorus in media that insists that Serena Williams is the greatest sportsperson of all time.  Yes, you read that right, not greatest female tennis player or just tennis player but sportsperson.  Yes, above Maradona, Ali, Nicklaus, Bradman among many others. In case you somehow missed this chorus, here’s the latest addition to the choir:

I am not sure of exactly where I read it, but I read somebody say people don’t ‘accept’ that Serena is the greatest sportsperson are sexist.  How familiar!  I want my male privilege of invective back please so I can perhaps demonstrate how it is to be applied without sounding like a whiny prick.  Moving on, what are the arguments in favour of Serena usually made by this greatest sportsperson bandwagon?

She is black.  She is female. She has dominated the field such that she has no rivals (during Federer’s peak, this led to his being called a weak era beneficiary but I guess different rules apply in the event of white male privilege).  And then, they say, longevity.  Yeah, never mind about Martina Navratilova.

In fact, bringing up Martina alone suffices to counter the weak arguments being offered in Serena’s favour.  Martina came out during a time when doing so attracted much more censure than today.  She is the undisputed queen of Wimbledon.  She won a mixed doubles slam at the age of 47.  Her combined singles-doubles slam tally far exceeds Serena’s.

I could go on but suffice it to say that it is not yet a cinch that Serena is the greatest female tennis player ever.  But suppose we accept for argument’s sake that she is.  That doesn’t necessarily make her the greatest tennis player unless she can beat the men, right?  Apparently not!  She apparently plays in a different ‘weight class’ (gotta love these guys) and therefore doesn’t have to prove that she can beat the men to be the greatest tennis player.

I will not belabour the point.  It is clear that the arguments in favour of Serena Williams being the greatest sportsperson ever are devoid of merit.  So why are they being made and why do I find it necessary to counter this piece of ludicrousness?  Because it is all part of the third wave of feminism in which it is no longer enough apparently to ensure parity in treatment between men and women but that the superiority of women must be accepted.

You would have already come across pieces of research claiming that women are better at men in such and such activities.  While there are differences in the traits of the two genders and thus one gender may be better suited to another for certain activities, many of these supposedly weighty arguments are being offered mainly to further the cause of dictatorship by the feminists. And in Serena, they have found the perfect model female athlete from whose shoulders to fire these bullets.

I don’t necessarily have any issues if women want to feel superior; yeah, please go full speed ahead.  But what I do have an issue with is this movement is further connected with a marxist project to uproot the existing societal order which has identified the heterosexual male as the root of all evil.  Unless they can show through controlled experiments that the new order they seek to establish will indeed solve all the problems that they claim it will, I think every attempt must be made to thwart their progress and demand proof for their lofty claims before we accept their positions into the mainstream.

So while it would be easy to dismiss these articles as nonsense and keep moving on, if we are not alert in countering it, it may well get canonised to the point where claiming otherwise would be regarded as heresy.

Let me conclude by throwing the gauntlet to the feminists:  persuade Serena to play a best of 3 match of tennis against her equally old and illustrious male colleague Roger Federer.  Here’s a fun fact:  when old man McEnroe invited Serena to a battle of the sexes match, she didn’t bite the bait.  So much for pan-gender GOAT-ing then.


July 29, 2016

Hello All

Below is the link to a PDF file containing my novella titled F Minor.

What happens when an artist has all the talent in the world and success, at least success in conventionally defined terms, eludes her?  Does she curse her luck, put herself down and blame the world?  Or does she seek joy in performing the very art which, after all, she loves?  The book seeks to ask and answer these questions through the account of a fictional ghazal singer who also makes earthenware on the side to keep going.

If the above interest you, you can click on the link given above and download the PDF.  Please feel free to share the PDF file with whomsoever you wish to.  I have only one request to make – please do not appropriate any part of the book and pass it off as your or anybody else’s work as I am the author of the book.

Please also feel free to leave a comment in the comments section below.  Brickbats and bouquets are most welcome.  If you do happen to like the book, please use the ‘like’ function below to express the same. 🙂  It’s an emoji world after all. 😉


Brexit: Britons call the bluff on clueless media

June 26, 2016

The mood before the Brexit in the media as well as the stock markets was one of cautious optimism.  Yes, the referendum was predicted to be close but surely, surely, voters would exercise the sensible, prudent option.  Tried and tested.  After all, who wanted another 2008, right?

In this general vein, CNBC TV18’s Lata Venkatesh made an observation that apocalypse is not a frequent occurrence in the markets and the last such was 2008.  Usually, and she cited the example of the Grexit that wasn’t, politicians got together to resolve a crisis in the eleventh hour.

There was something in that statement that convinced me to expect a Brexit when results would be declared on Friday and to pull out equity holdings in advance.  Let me  break it down now:

  1.  Yes, politicians may resolve a crisis at the brink but there is little they can do in a referendum.  So, no, Brexit had the potential to be yet another apocalypse.  Just as US govt erred in letting the Lehman Bros fail, British Prime Minister David Cameron had already erred in agreeing to a referendum and thus leaving himself at the mercy of events he could not control.
  2. The cautious optimism belied a lack of understanding of how voter turnout works.  I can excuse Western observers not used to the chaos of multi party democracy and gatbandhan politics that we Indians revel in but Indian journalists, including ones who sport fake American accents, should surely have been more clued in.  The point is this: only low turnout in England (outside London, that is) could have saved the Remain campaign.  High turnout would indicate that people who wanted out of the EU had turned up to vote.  Just as how high voter turnout usually, though not always, indicates anti incumbency in Indian elections.  Expecting people to turn out in large numbers to preserve status quo reveals either a lack of understanding of how voters behave or an overestimation of the benefits of EU to the UK.
  3. Grexit did not trigger a crisis in the markets because Greece was mouselike in its haplessness against the might of the European Commission-IMF-ECB troika. Brexit was a whole other matter and the third largest economy leaving the EU would be disastrous news for the EU, firstly, and, secondly, possibly trigger an exodus of other nations disgruntled with the management style of the EU.

I’ll address the last point in a bit.  But before that, let this be a lesson with regard to the media’s behaviour.  When they all display rare unanimity on an event that is in fact uncertain and ambiguous, they are very likely to be dead wrong.  Further, people in the media have a terrible habit of opining on everything so make sure you know what their speciality is and disregard their advice on other matters.  Yes, I am referring to the apparently reliable and erudite Lata Venkatesh here.  Listen when she’s talking about Indian monetary policy or breaking down the IIP.  But she’s no psephologist and she just proved it in the run up to the Brexit.  I have nothing against opinions per se.  People may air their opinions freely except that when appearing on TV, they ought to couch it with a suitable disclaimer to take it with a pinch of salt where it does not pertain to their field of expertise.

Now, as to the management style of the EU, which is my lengthy post script.  What would you do if you lost a long time and valued customer?  You would of course do your best to persuade him/her not to end the relationship.  If he/she was hellbent on a break up, you would respect the decision and agree to be friendly in parting.  If you instead badmouthed your customer for leaving, wouldn’t you expect to be fired by your boss?  Apparently Wolfgang Schauble, Finance Minister of Germany, doesn’t think so.  He didn’t lose the opportunity to rebuke Britain, a democratic nation, for exercising its choice and warned of taking tough action as a deterrent to other EU nations against choosing to leave the EU.

Excuse me, but Britain have the right to choose to end a relationship.  A Brexit in this case does not amount to a Greece-style default.  In fact, by threatening to punish Britain for merely exercising their free will, Schauble only lives up to the common complaint against EU made by Euroskeptics: that the EU is undemocratic.  The common sense thing to do here would be to learn a lesson from this debacle, make the divorce with Britain smooth and painless for all concerned and reach out to other nations and listen to their problems so that the EU doesn’t break up.  But then, whoever accused economists of possessing that elusive thing called common sense! I wouldn’t bet against this being the beginning of the end of the EU though it would be a sad day when that happens.




Ilayaraja melodies

May 28, 2016

Below is a tentative (and incomplete) list of good/hit Ilayaraja songs from 1976-1993, i.e., what could broadly be called his peak/prime phase, by whatever name called.  I have considered only Tamil songs and songs appearing more than once in a film (e.g. happy/sad, male/female versions) have been counted only once. Pl feel free to contribute more songs, especially the rural based films from late 80s to early 90s where memory fails me:

 Sr No Song title Movie Year
1 Annakilli Unnai Theduthe Annakilli 1976
2 Machana Parthingala Annakilli 1976
3 Sontham Illai Annakilli 1976
4 Naan Pesavanthen Paloothi Valartha Kili 1976
5 Kannan Oru Kai Kuzanthai Bhadrakali 1976
6 Kaalai Paniyil Gayathri 1977
7 Vaazhvae Maayama Gayathri 1977
8 Senthoora Poove 16 Vayathuniley 1977
9 Chinnakannan Kavikuyil 1977
10 Vizhiyile Malarnthathu Bhuvana Oru Kelvikuri 1977
11 Ore Naal Ilamai Oonjaladugiradhu 1978
12 Nee Kettal Ilamai Oonjaladugiradhu 1978
13 Ennadi Meenakshi Ilamai Oonjaladugiradhu 1978
14 Indha Minminikku Sigappu Rojakkal 1978
15 Ninaivo Oru Paravai Sigappu Rojakkal 1978
16 Chithirai Sevvanam Kaatrinile Varum Geetham 1978
17 Kanden Engum Kaatrinile Varum Geetham 1978
18 Oru Vanavil Pole Kaatrinile Varum Geetham 1978
19 En Kanmani En Kadhali Chittukuruvi 1978
20 Sorgam Madhuvile Sattam En Kaiyil 1978
21 Mancholai Kilithano Kizhakke Pogum Raiyil 1978
22 Poovarasam Poo Kizhakke Pogum Raiyil 1978
23 Malargale Kizhakke Pogum Raiyil 1978
24 Senthazham Poovil Mullum Malarum 1978
25 Nitham Nitham Mullum Malarum 1978
26 Adi Penney Mullum Malarum 1978
27 Uravugal Thodarkathai Aval Appadithan 1978
28 Paneer Pushpangale Aval Appadithan 1978
29 Ye Paadal Ondru Priya 1978
30 Enuyir Neethane Priya 1978
31 Naane Naana Azhage Unnai Arathikkiren 1979
32 Vaa Ponmayile Poonthalir 1979
33 Kanmaniye Kadhal Aarilunthu Aruvathu Varai 1979
34 Edho Ninaivugal Agal Vilakku 1979
35 Oru Thanga Rathathil Dharma Yudham 1979
36 Agaya Gangai Dharma Yudham 1979
37 Ilamai Yenam Poongatru Pagalil Oru Iravu 1979
38 Sindhu Nadhi Karaioram Nalladhu Oru Kudumbam 1979
39 Aayiram Malargale Niram Maratha Pookal 1979
40 Iru Paravaigal Niram Maratha Pookal 1979
41 Idhayam Poguthey Puthiya Varpugal 1979
42 Namthana Namthana Puthiya Varpugal 1979
43 Vaan Megangale Puthiya Varpugal 1979
44 Azhagiya Kanne Uthiripookal 1979
45 Geetha Sangeetha Anbe Sangeetha 1979
46 Enulil Engo Rosapoo Ravikaikari 1979
47 Orampo Ponnu Oorukku Pudhusu 1979
48 Solai Kuyile Ponnu Oorukku Pudhusu 1979
49 Aadungal Paadungal Guru 1980
50 Parandhalum Vidamatten Guru 1980
51 Perai Chollava Guru 1980
52 Edhan Kannil Guru 1980
53 En Vaanile Johnny 1980
54 Oru Iniya Manathu Johnny 1980
55 Senorita Johnny 1980
56 Kaatril Endhan Geetham Johnny 1980
57 Aasayai Kaathula Johnny 1980
58 Ennathil Yedho Kalukkul Eeram 1980
59 Siru Ponmani Kalukkul Eeram 1980
60 Yen Iniya Pon Moodu Pani 1980
61 Paruva Kalangalin Moodu Pani 1980
62 Entha Poovilum Murattu Kaalai 1980
63 Maaman Machan Murattu Kaalai 1980
64 Pothuvaka En Manasu Murattu Kaalai 1980
65 Madai Thiranthu Nizhalgal 1980
66 Ithu Oru Pon Malai Nizhalgal 1980
67 Poongathave Nizhalgal 1980
68 Dhoorathil Nizhalgal 1980
69 Azhagu Ayiram Ulaasa Paravaigal 1980
70 Naan Unthan Thayaga Ulaasa Paravaigal 1980
71 Deiviga Raagam Ulaasa Paravaigal 1980
72 Germaniyin Ulaasa Paravaigal 1980
73 Yae Thendrale Nenjathai Killathe 1980
74 Paruvame Nenjathai Killathe 1980
75 Uravenum Nenjathai Killathe 1980
76 Azhage Azhagu Raja Paarvai 1981
77 Andhi Mazhai Raja Paarvai 1981
78 Endrendrum Anadhame Kadal Meengal 1981
79 Thalattuthey Vaanam Kadal Meengal 1981
80 Manjal Veyil Nandu 1981
81 Idhu Oru Nila Tik Tik Tik 1981
82 Netru Indha Neram Tik Tik Tik 1981
83 Poo Malarnthida Tik Tik Tik 1981
84 Ramanin Mohanam Netrikann 1981
85 Mappillaiku Netrikann 1981
86 Anandha Ragam Panneer Pushpangal 1981
87 Kodai Kaala Kaatre Panneer Pushpangal 1981
88 Poonthalir Aada Panneer Pushpangal 1981
89 Ayiram Thamarai Alaigal Oyvathile 1981
90 Kadhal Oviyam Alaigal Oyvathile 1981
91 Vaadi En Kapakezhange Alaigal Oyvathile 1981
92 Chinan Chiru Meendum Kokila 1981
93 Hey Orayiram Meendum Kokila 1981
94 Radha Radhe Nee Meendum Kokila 1981
95 Oru Poovanathile Kazhugu 1981
96 Amudhae Thamzihae Kovil Pura 1981
97 Hey Aatha Payanangal Mudivathile 1982
98 Ilaya Nila Payanangal Mudivathile 1982
99 Mani Osai Payanangal Mudivathile 1982
100 Mudhal Mudhal Raga Deepam Payanangal Mudivathile 1982
101 Salaioram Payanangal Mudivathile 1982
102 Thogai Ilamayil Payanangal Mudivathile 1982
103 Vaigaraiyil Payanangal Mudivathile 1982
104 Kadhal Panpaadu Eeravizhi Kaviyangal 1982
105 En Gaanam Eeravizhi Kaviyangal 1982
106 Kanavil Midhakkum Eeravizhi Kaviyangal 1982
107 Janani Janani Thai Mookambhikai 1982
108 Bhoopalam Thooral Ninnu Pochu 1982
109 Thangachangili Thooral Ninnu Pochu 1982
110 Yerikkarai Poongatre Thooral Ninnu Pochu 1982
111 Kanne Kalaimaane Moondram Pirai 1982
112 Vaanengum Moondram Pirai 1982
113 Ponmeni Moondram Pirai 1982
114 Poongatru Moondram Pirai 1982
115 Ilamai Itho Sakalakala Vallavan 1982
116 Nethu Rathiri Sakalakala Vallavan 1982
117 Nila Kayuthu Sakalakala Vallavan 1982
118 Poo Vadai Kaatru Gopurangal Saivathile 1982
119 Endrum Vaanaveliyil Kelviyum Naane Pathilum Naane 1982
120 Vaa Vaa Vasanthamey Puthu Kavithai 1982
121 Vaarey Vaa Puthu Kavithai 1982
122 Vellai Pura Puthu Kavithai 1982
123 Neethane Enthan Ninaivellam Nithya 1982
124 Panivizhum Malarvanam Ninaivellam Nithya 1982
125 Rojavai Thalattum Ninaivellam Nithya 1982
126 Tholin Mele Ninaivellam Nithya 1982
127 Metti Oli Metti 1982
128 Santhana Kaatre Thanikaatu Raja 1982
129 Raasave Unnai Naan Ennithan Thanikaatu Raja 1982
130 Kuyile Kadhal Oviyam 1982
131 Naatham En Jeevane Kadhal Oviyam 1982
132 Nathiyil Aadum Kadhal Oviyam 1982
133 Poojaikaaga Kadhal Oviyam 1982
134 Poovil Vandu Kadhal Oviyam 1982
135 Sangeetha Jathi Kadhal Oviyam 1982
136 Velli Salangaigal Kadhal Oviyam 1982
137 Etho Mogam Kozhi Koovudhu 1982
138 Poove Ilaya Poove Kozhi Koovudhu 1982
139 Vaalai Paruvathile Kanne Radha 1982
140 Unnaithane Nallavanuku Nallavan 1983
141 Muthaduthey Nallavanuku Nallavan 1983
142 Geetham Sangeetham Kokarakko 1983
143 Ponvaanam Panneer Indru Nee Naalai Naan 1983
144 Mottu Vitta Indru Nee Naalai Naan 1983
145 Oru Killi Uruguthu Anandha Kummi 1983
146 O Vennilaave Anandha Kummi 1983
147 Oomai Nenjin Anandha Kummi 1983
148 Anantha Then Manvasanai 1983
149 Poththi Vachcha Manvasanai 1983
150 Andhi Varum Neram Mundhanai Mudichu 1983
151 Devathai Ilam Aayiram Nilave Vaa 1983
152 Sevvarani Thotathile Bhagavthipuram Railway Gate 1983
153 Aasai Nooruvagai Adutha Varisu 1983
154 Pesa Koodathu Adutha Varisu 1983
155 Rathiriyil Poothirikkum Thanga Magan 1983
156 Solai Poovil Vellai Roja 1983
157 Oh Maane Maane Vellai Roja 1983
158 Naanaga Naan Illai Thoongathey Thambi 1983
159 Thoongathey Thambi Thoongathey Thambi 1983
160 Varuthu Varuthu Thoongathey Thambi 1983
161 Paadavathatho Gaanam Ilamai Kaalangal 1983
162 Eramana Rojave Ilamai Kaalangal 1983
163 Kalidasan Kannadasan Soorakkottai Singakutti 1983
164 Uruginen Anne Anne 1983
165 Thendral Ennai Muthamittadhu Oru Oodia Nathiyaagirathu 1983
166 Vaanpole Vannam Salangai Oli 1984
167 Mounamana Neram Salangai Oli 1984
168 Thakitha Salangai Oli 1984
169 Devan Thantha Veenai Unnai Naan Santhithen 1984
170 Thalathu Maari Ponathe Unnai Naan Santhithen 1984
171 Vizhiyile Mani Nooravathu Naal 1984
172 Megam Kottattum Ennakul Oruvan 1984
173 Then Poove Poove Anbulla Rajnikanth 1984
174 Oru Nayagan Dhavani Kanavugal 1984
175 Vaanam Niram Dhavani Kanavugal 1984
176 Roja Ondru Mutham Koomberi Mookan 1984
177 Thaazam Poove Kai Kodukkum Kai 1984
178 Neelakuyilgal Magudi 1984
179 Maalai Soodum Vellai Naan Mahan Alla 1984
180 Kalyanam Vaibogam Naan Mahan Alla 1984
181 Paadavaa Un Naan Paadum Paadal 1984
182 Devan Kovil Naan Paadum Paadal 1984
183 Paadum Vaanampadi Naan Paadum Paadal 1984
184 Seer Kondu Vaa Naan Paadum Paadal 1984
185 Adiye Manam Nilluna Neengal Kettavai 1984
186 Oh Vasantha Raaja Neengal Kettavai 1984
187 Pillai Nila Neengal Kettavai 1984
188 Pottaene Poovilangu Poovilangu 1984
189 Kadhal Mayakkam Pudhumai Penn 1984
190 Kasthoori Maane Pudhumai Penn 1984
191 En Vazhvile Thambikku Entha Ooru 1984
192 Kadhalin Deepam Ondru Thambikku Entha Ooru 1984
193 Azhagu Malarada Vaidehi Kaathirunthal 1984
194 Inraiku Yen Indha Vaidehi Kaathirunthal 1984
195 Kaathirunthu Vaidehi Kaathirunthal 1984
196 Rasathi Unnai Vaidehi Kaathirunthal 1984
197 Megam Karrukaiyile Vaidehi Kaathirunthal 1984
198 Kannil Enna Un Kannil Neer Vazhindal 1985
199 Ada Machamulla China Veedu 1985
200 Chittu Kuruvi China Veedu 1985
201 Antha Nilava Than Muthal Mariyadhai 1985
202 Poongatru Thirumbuma Muthal Mariyadhai 1985
203 Vetti Veru Vasam Muthal Mariyadhai 1985
204 Yeh Kuruvi Muthal Mariyadhai 1985
205 Rasave Unnai Muthal Mariyadhai 1985
206 Poomalai Vangi Vanthaan Sindhu Bhairavi 1985
207 Kalaivaniye Sindhu Bhairavi 1985
208 Naan Oru Sindhu Sindhu Bhairavi 1985
209 Paadariyen Sindhu Bhairavi 1985
210 Thanni Thotti Sindhu Bhairavi 1985
211 Sangeetha Meham Udhaya Geetham 1985
212 Paadu Nilave Udhaya Geetham 1985
213 Ennodu Paatu Paadungal Udhaya Geetham 1985
214 Thene Thenpandi Udhaya Geetham 1985
215 Siriya Paravai Antha Oru Nimidam 1985
216 Kadhal Kasakkuthayya Aan Paavam 1985
217 Oru Jeevan Geethanjali 1985
218 Thulli Ezhunthathu Geethanjali 1985
219 Malare Pesu Geethanjali 1985
220 Poo Malaye Pagal Nilavu 1985
221 Poovilae Medai Pagal Nilavu 1985
222 Vaidhegi Raman Pagal Nilavu 1985
223 Kanmaniye Pesu Kaaki Chaththai 1985
224 Nama Singari Sarraku Kaaki Chaththai 1985
225 Poo Potta Dhavani Kaaki Chaththai 1985
226 Vaanile Thenila Kaaki Chaththai 1985
227 Pattu Kannam Kaaki Chaththai 1985
228 Adhikaalai Nerame Meendum Oru Kadhal Kathai 1985
229 Idhayam Oru Kovil Idhaya Kovil 1985
230 Kootathile Kovil Pura Idhaya Kovil 1985
231 Naan Paadum Mouna Idhaya Kovil 1985
232 Paatu Thalaivan Idhaya Kovil 1985
233 Vaanuyarntha Solaiyile Idhaya Kovil 1985
234 Yaar Veetu Roja Idhaya Kovil 1985
235 ABC Nee Vaasi Oru Kaidhiyin Diary 1985
236 Ponmane Kovam Oru Kaidhiyin Diary 1985
237 Aala Asathum Kanni Raasi 1985
238 Nilavu Thoongu Neram Kunguma Chimizh 1985
239 Pen Manney Naan Sigappu Manithan 1985
240 Mayanginen Solla Naane Raja Naane Manthiri 1985
241 Oora Therinchukitten Padikkadhavan 1985
242 Kavithai Paadu Thendrale Ennai Thodu 1985
243 Thendral Vanthu Thendrale Ennai Thodu 1985
244 Pudhiya Poovithu Thendrale Ennai Thodu 1985
245 Kanmani Nee Vara Thendrale Ennai Thodu 1985
246 Engey En Jeevane Uyarndha Ullam 1985
247 Kaalai Thendral Uyarndha Ullam 1985
248 Vanthal Mahalakshmiye Uyarndha Ullam 1985
249 Chinna Kuyil Poovae Poochuduvaa 1985
250 Poovae Poochuduvaa Poovae Poochuduvaa 1985
251 O Vaanambaadi Sadhanai 1986
252 Naan Thedum Sevvanthi Poo Dharma Pathini 1986
253 Aayirathil Nee Oruthan Naanum Oru Thozhilali 1986
254 Aarum Athu Aalam Illai Muthal Vasantham 1986
255 Hey Maina Maaveeran 1986
256 Mandhira Punnagaiyo Mandhira Punnagai 1986
257 Naan Kadhalil Mandhira Punnagai 1986
258 Chinna Mani Kuyile Amman Koil Kizhakaale 1986
259 Kaalai Nera Poonguyil Amman Koil Kizhakaale 1986
260 Un Paarvayil Amman Koil Kizhakaale 1986
261 Poova Eduthu Oru Amman Koil Kizhakaale 1986
262 Vaan Megam Punnagai Mannan 1986
263 Singalathu Punnagai Mannan 1986
264 Kavithai Kelungal Punnagai Mannan 1986
265 Kalamalaga Vaayum Punnagai Mannan 1986
266 Edhedho Punnagai Mannan 1986
267 Enna Satham Indha Neram Punnagai Mannan 1986
268 Mandram Vandha Mouna Raagam 1986
269 Oho Megam Mouna Raagam 1986
270 Chinna Chinna Vanna Kuyil Mouna Raagam 1986
271 Nilave Vaa Mouna Raagam 1986
272 Pani Vizhum Iravu Mouna Raagam 1986
273 Adi Athadi Kadalora Kavithaigal 1986
274 Kodiyile Kadalora Kavithaigal 1986
275 Poguthey poguthey Kadalora Kavithaigal 1986
276 Oomai nenjin sondham Manithanin Marupakkam 1986
277 Vaa Vennila Mella Thirandadhu Kadhavu 1986
278 Ooru Janam Mella Thirandadhu Kadhavu 1986
279 Dil Dil Manadhil Mella Thirandadhu Kadhavu 1986
280 Thedum Kanpaarvai Mella Thirandadhu Kadhavu 1986
281 Kuzhal Oodhum Mella Thirandadhu Kadhavu 1986
282 Vikram Vikram 1986
283 Meendum meendum Vikram 1986
284 Eanj Jodi Vikram 1986
285 Vanithamani Vikram 1986
286 Ilanjolai Unakkagave Vaazhgiren 1986
287 Kanna Unnai Thedukiren Unakkagave Vaazhgiren 1986
288 Oh Endhan Vazhvile Unakkagave Vaazhgiren 1986
289 Ennamma Kannu Mr Bharath 1986
290 Adhikaalai Subavelai Natpu 1986
291 Malaiyoram Veesum Paadu Nilave 1987
292 Kokarako Padura Paadu Nilave 1987
293 Chittirai Madha Nilavu Paadu Nilave 1987
294 Vaa Veliye Paadu Nilave 1987
295 Manathil Uruthi Vendum Manathil Uruthi Vendum 1987
296 Kanna Varuvaaya Manathil Uruthi Vendum 1987
297 Aararo Aararo Anand 1987
298 I want to tell you something Anand 1987
299 Thodatha Thaalam Anand 1987
300 Ola Kudisaiyile Anand 1987
301 Aethamayya Aetham Ninaive Oru Sangeetham 1987
302 Pagalile Oru Nilavinae Ninaive Oru Sangeetham 1987
303 Edutha Vecha Ninaive Oru Sangeetham 1987
304 Yeriyil Oru Jallikattu 1987
305 Hey Unnaithaane Kadhal Parisu 1987
306 Kaadhal Maharani Kadhal Parisu 1987
307 Koo Koo Endru Kuyil Kadhal Parisu 1987
308 Puraakale Puraakale Kadhal Parisu 1987
309 Oru Kadhal Enbadhu Chinna Thambi Periya Thambi 1987
310 Thenpandi Nayakan 1987
311 Nila Aduvanathu Nayakan 1987
312 Nee Oru Kadhal Nayakan 1987
313 Andhi Mazhai Megam Nayakan 1987
314 Naan Sirithal Deepavali Nayakan 1987
315 Shenbagame Enga Ooru Paatukaaran 1987
316 Madhura Marikozhumbu Enga Ooru Paatukaaran 1987
317 Kannan Vandhu Paduginran Rettai Vaal Kuruvi 1987
318 Raja Raja Cholan Rettai Vaal Kuruvi 1987
319 Chinna chinna roja poove Poovizhi Vaasalile 1987
320 Oru Kiliyin Poovizhi Vaasalile 1987
321 Thotathile Paathi Velaikaaran 1987
322 Vaa vaa vaa kanna vaa Velaikaaran 1987
323 Kannukkum Kannukkum Modhal Ninaikka Therintha Maname 1987
324 Jingidi Jingidi Guru Sishyan 1988
325 Vaa Vaa Vanchi Guru Sishyan 1988
326 Kandupidichen Guru Sishyan 1988
327 Malayoram Mayile Oruvar Vaazhum Aalayam 1988
328 Nee Pournami Oruvar Vaazhum Aalayam 1988
329 Thenmadurai Vaigai Dharmathin Thalaivan 1988
330 Muthamizh Kaviye Dharmathin Thalaivan 1988
331 Poove Sempoove Solla Thudikudhu Manasu 1988
332 Engirundho Azhaikkum En Jeevan Paduthu 1988
333 Naan Enbadhu Soorasamharam 1988
334 Neelakuyile Soorasamharam 1988
335 Valayosai Sathya 1988
336 Aasayilae Enga Oru Kavalkaran 1988
337 Thenpandi Tamizhe Paasa Paravaigal 1988
338 Oru Poongavanam Agni Natchathiram 1988
339 Ninnu Korri Agni Natchathiram 1988
340 Thoongatha Vizhigal Agni Natchathiram 1988
341 Raja rajathi Agni Natchathiram 1988
342 Vaa vaa anbe anbe Agni Natchathiram 1988
343 Idhazhil Kadhai Ezuthum Unnal Mudiyum Thambi 1988
344 Unnal Mudiyum Thambi Unnal Mudiyum Thambi 1988
345 Punjai Undu Unnal Mudiyum Thambi 1988
346 Kuyile kuyile En Bommukutty Ammavukku 1988
347 Adhikaalai Neram Naan Sonnathey Sattam 1988
348 Kalyana Maalai Pudhu Pudhu Arthangal 1989
349 Keladi Kanmani Pudhu Pudhu Arthangal 1989
350 Guruvayurappa Pudhu Pudhu Arthangal 1989
351 Gangai Karai Varusham 16 1989
352 Hey Aiyasamy Varusham 16 1989
353 Pazhamuthir Cholai Varusham 16 1989
354 Poo Pookum Maasam Varusham 16 1989
355 Maanguyile Karagatakaaran 1989
356 Indha Maan Karagatakaaran 1989
357 Malayala Karayoram Rajadhi Raja 1989
358 Enkitta Modhadhey Rajadhi Raja 1989
359 Vaa Vaa Manjal Rajadhi Raja 1989
360 Meenamma Meenamma Rajadhi Raja 1989
361 Athadi Yammadi Idhayathai Thirudadhe 1989
362 O Priya Priya Idhayathai Thirudadhe 1989
363 Paapa Laali Idhayathai Thirudadhe 1989
364 Vazhavaikkum Aboorva Sagotharargal 1989
365 Raja Kaiya Vachcha Aboorva Sagotharargal 1989
366 Annatha Aduran Aboorva Sagotharargal 1989
367 Puthu Maapilaikku Aboorva Sagotharargal 1989
368 Unnai Nenachen Aboorva Sagotharargal 1989
369 Adi Vaanmathi Siva 1989
370 Ennathan Sugamo Maapilai 1989
371 Maanin Iru Kangal Maapilai 1989
372 Maarugo maarugo Vetri Vizha 1989
373 Poongatru Un Per Vetri Vizha 1989
374 Velli Kolusu Mani Pongi Varum Kaveri 1989
375 Aathaadi Allikodi Thendral Sudum 1989
376 Ilam Vayasu Ponna Paandi Naatu Thangam 1989
377 Siru Koothu La Paandi Naatu Thangam 1989
378 Un Manasula Paandi Naatu Thangam 1989
379 Idhu Neeyum Naanum Udhayam 1989
380 Vanthathey O Kizhakku Vaasal 1990
381 Pachchai Malai Kizhakku Vaasal 1990
382 Paadi Parantha Kili Kizhakku Vaasal 1990
383 Oru Vittuku Kizhakku Vaasal 1990
384 Mazhai Varudhu Raja Kaiya Vachcha 1990
385 Irandum Ondrodu Pannakaaran 1990
386 Nooru Varusham Pannakaaran 1990
387 Silence Pannakaaran 1990
388 Agaya Vennilave Arangetra Velai 1990
389 Gundu Onnu Vachchuriken Arangetra Velai 1990
390 Mamannukum Machannuku Arangetra Velai 1990
391 Ila Vattam My Dear Marthandan 1990
392 Sattam Varadha My Dear Marthandan 1990
393 Paaku Vethala My Dear Marthandan 1990
394 Anjali Anjali Anjali 1990
395 Mottamaadi Anjali 1990
396 Something something Anjali 1990
397 Vaanam Namakku Anjali 1990
398 Vegam vegam Anjali 1990
399 Iravu Nilavu Anjali 1990
400 Kalyana Thenila Mounam Sammadham 1990
401 Aattama Nadigan 1990
402 Sorkathin Vasapaadi Unnai Solli Kutramillai 1990
403 Yerasathi En Uyir Thozhan 1990
404 Maalayil Yaaro Chatriyan 1990
405 Mannil Intha Kaadhal Keladi Kanmani 1990
406 Thendral Thaan Keladi Kanmani 1990
407 Nee Paathi Naan Paathi Keladi Kanmani 1990
408 Karpoora Bommai Keladi Kanmani 1990
409 Aracha Santhanam Chinna Thambi 1991
410 Povoma Oorvolam Chinna Thambi 1991
411 Thooliyile Chinna Thambi 1991
412 Ada Uchcham Thala Chinna Thambi 1991
413 Kaatukuyile Dhalapathi 1991
414 Yamuna Aatrile Dhalapathi 1991
415 Chinna Thaiaval Dhalapathi 1991
416 Sundari Kannal Dhalapathi 1991
417 Adi Rakkamma Dhalapathi 1991
418 Sundari Neeyum Michael Madana Kamarajan 1991
419 Sivarathiri Michael Madana Kamarajan 1991
420 Per Vachalum Michael Madana Kamarajan 1991
421 Ram Pam Pam Michael Madana Kamarajan 1991
422 Kuyil Paatu En Rasavin Manasile 1991
423 Parijatha Poove En Rasavin Manasile 1991
424 Vanna Poongavanam Eeramana Rojave 1991
425 Adho Mega Oorvalam Eeramana Rojave 1991
426 Vaa Vaa Anbe Eeramana Rojave 1991
427 Kadhal Kavithaigal Gopura Vasalile 1991
428 Keladi En Gopura Vasalile 1991
429 Devadhai Poloru Gopura Vasalile 1991
430 Thalattum Poongatru Gopura Vasalile 1991
431 Paartha Vizhi Guna 1991
432 Kanmani Anbodu Guna 1991
433 Aanenna Pennena Dharma Durai 1991
434 Maasi Maasa Dharma Durai 1991
435 Pottu Vaitha Oru Vatta Idhayam 1991
436 Idhayamae Idhayam 1991
437 Kangalukul Thanthu Vitten Ennai 1991
438 Varudhu Varudhu Bramma 1991
439 Ival Oru Ilankuruvi Bramma 1991
440 Aattama Therottama Captain Prabhakaran 1991
441 Annakilli Nee Sirikka Rickshaw mama 1992
442 Muthumani Maalai Chinna Gounder 1992
443 Chutti Chutti Chinna Gounder 1992
444 Adukku Malli Avarampoo 1992
445 Pudhucheri Kachcheri Singara Velan 1992
446 Sonnapadi Kelu Singara Velan 1992
447 Thoodhu Selva dhavani Singara Velan 1992
448 Pottu Vaitha Kadhal Singara Velan 1992
449 Ada Oranga Sriranga Singara Velan 1992
450 Innum Yennai Enna Singara Velan 1992
451 Kannakarunguyile Paandi Durai 1992
452 Pandiyanin Rajiyathin Pandian 1992
453 Anbe Nee Enna Pandian 1992
454 Chinna Chinna Thooral Sentamizh Paatu 1992
455 Kalayil Kethattu Sentamizh Paatu 1992
456 Kuttukoru Sentamizh Paatu 1992
457 Amma Endru Mannan 1992
458 Rajathi Raja Mannan 1992
459 Sandi Raaniye Mannan 1992
460 Pattu Poove Chembaruthi 1992
461 Nila Kayum Neram Chembaruthi 1992
462 Andhiyile Vaanam Chinnavar 1992
463 Kottukkilli Chinnavar 1992
464 Naan Erikarai Chinna Thayee 1992
465 Potri Paadadi Penne Devar Magan 1992
466 Sandhu Pottu Devar Magan 1992
467 Inji Idupazhaga Devar Magan 1992
468 Maniye Manikuyile Nadodi Thendral 1992
469 All The Time Nadodi Thendral 1992
470 O Butterfly Meera 1992
471 Pazhaiya Vilangu Meera 1992
472 Valli Valli Enna Deiva Vaaku 1992
473 Oru Mantharapoo Chinna Zameen 1993
474 Poongatru Pillai Walter Vetrivel 1993
475 Chinna Rasave Walter Vetrivel 1993
476 Mannava mannava Walter Vetrivel 1993
477 Kannale Kadhal Kaditham Athma 1993
478 Adi Poonguyile Aranmanai Killi 1993
479 Raasave Unnai Vida Maaten Aranmanai Killi 1993
480 Vaanmathiye Aranmanai Killi 1993
481 Aalappol Velappol Ejamaan 1993
482 Adi Raakumuthu Ejamaan 1993
483 Ejamaan Kaladi Ejamaan 1993
484 Nilave Mugam Ejamaan 1993
485 Oru Naalum Ejamaan 1993
486 Anbe Vaa Arugile Kilipetchu Ketkavaa 1993
487 Kalaignan Kattu Kalaignan 1993
488 Kokkarakko Kalaignan 1993
489 Dillu Baru Jaane Kalaignan 1993
490 Endhan Nenjil Kalaignan 1993
491 Aasai Athigam Marupadiyum 1993
492 Ellorukum Nalla Marupadiyum 1993
493 Ellorum Sollum Paatu Marupadiyum 1993
494 Nalam Vazha Marupadiyum 1993
495 Nallathor Veenai Marupadiyum 1993
496 Nenjukkule Innarendru Ponnumani 1993
497 Ennulle Ennulle Valli 1993
498 Oru Myna Myna Uzhaippali 1993
499 Vennilavu Kothipathana Chinna Mapillai 1993
500 Kadhoram Lolakku Chinna Mapillai 1993


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